Coexistence of Gaucher Disease and severe congenital neutropenia

Kose M. D. , CANDA E. , KAĞNICI M., Ucar S. K. , ONAY H. , Sozmen E. Y. , ...More

BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES, vol.76, pp.1-6, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2018.07.001
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-6


Gaucher Disease (GD) is the most common lysosomal storage disorder has traditionally been classified into three clinical phenotypes. Type 3 GD is characterized by neurological involvement but neurological symptoms generally appear later in life than in type 2 disease. Neutropenia is much rarer than other hematological manifestations in GD and has not been scrutinized adequately. Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a rare disease entity which is characterized by a paucity of peripherally circulating neutrophils with arrest of neutrophil maturation at the promyelocyte stage and consequent increased susceptibility to severe and recurrent infections. We report a patient who presented in the first year of life with visceral involvement and severe neutropenia in whom the propositus had a unique coexistence of Gaucher Disease and severe congenital neutropenia associated with a mutation in HAX1. In contrast to his expired siblings he had experienced no severe infections. These clinical observations suggest that enzyme replacement therapy may display a modulating factor with respect to the clinical course of SCN.