Dry eye and meibomian gland dysfunction in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy


Palamar M. , Kiyat P. , Yagci A.

INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY, cilt.39, ss.393-396, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 39 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10792-018-0824-3
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.393-396

Özet

PurposeTo evaluate dry eye tests and meibography of patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK).Materials and MethodsThirty-seven patients with PBK were included. The eyes with PBK were compared with the normal pseudophakic fellow eyes. All patients had undergone a detailed ophthalmic examination including corneal and conjunctival fluorescein staining and Oxford scoring, tear film breakup time, Schirmer 1 test, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) score assessment, lid margin abnormalities, upper and lower eyelid Meibomian gland evaluation using infrared captures of a biomicroscope. Partial or complete loss of the Meibomian glands (Meibomian dropout) was scored for each eyelid from grade 0 (no loss) through grade 3 (lost area was>2/3 of the total meibomian gland area).ResultsThe mean age of the patients was 73.28.9 (range, 50-93). Mean tear film breakup time value was statistically lower in PBK eyes (P0.001). OSDI, Oxford, lid margin abnormalities, inferior meibography, total meibography score were significantly higher in PBK eyes (P0.001). The comparison of Schirmer 1 and superior meibography scores of the groups was insignificant (P=0.143, P=0.793, respectively).Conclusion The Meibomian gland morphology of the PBK eyes demonstrates significant differences when compared with normal fellow eyes and might be related to evaporative dry eye. For this reason, patients with PBK should be monitored for Meibomian gland dysfunction and when needed start prompt treatment in order to prevent further disturbance of the ocular surface.