The focal neuropathies after orthotropic liver transplantation (OLTx) have been well documented to date. Most injuries to the peripheral nervous system involve the peroneal nerve and brachial plexus. We report the first case of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) injury after OLTx. The patient presented with pain and numbness on the lateral aspect of the right thigh that had progressively worsened since operation. Electrodiagnostic studies were indicative for right meralgia paresthetica (MP). The symptoms of MP improved progressively after physical therapy applications during the first 3 months. The etiology of MP in this case is unclear. However, it may be considered that ascites, surgical mechanisms, and immunosuppressive therapy were possible causative factors.