Do We Really Prime Self-Construals? Examining The Effects of Two Most Common Self-Priming Procedures

Soylu N. S. , Teközel İ. M.

16th European Psychology Congress, Moscow, Rusya, 2 - 05 Temmuz 2019

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Moscow
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Rusya


Background: The concept of self-construal refers to the construction of self based on the social relations. Past research have categorized and well established two main orientations for regulating the self and behaviors: Independent self-construal (e.g. separation oriented) and interdependent self-construal (e.g. relationship oriented). Although these two orientations acquired early in life and highly stable, there are evidences that it is possible to prime a certain self-construal (Markus & Kitayama, 1991). In the literature, there are certain techniques triggering or priming independent or interdependent self-construal (Oyserman & Lee, 2008). Similarities and Differences with Family and Friends task (SDFF) (Tramifow, Triandis & Goto, 1991) and Pronoun Circling (PC) task (Gardner, Gabrielle & Lee, 1999) are two of the most commonly used priming procedures (Oyserman & Lee, 2008). In this study, we examined the effects of these two priming procedures on self-construals.

Methods: SDFF and PC tasks were used to prime the participants’ self-construal. In order to find out the effects of these two tasks on self-construal, we used Autonomy and Relatedness Scale (ARS) (Kağıtçıbaşı, 2006) and drawing task (Masuda et al., 2008) as dependent measures.

Findings: Results showed that any of the priming procedures (namely SDFF and PC tasks) didn’t have an effect on neither ARS score nor drawing task measure in statistically significant level.

Discussion: This study was conducted to examine whether priming the independent or interdependent self constructions increase the accessibility of relevant self-construals. Consistent with the claim that self-construals are trait-like and long standing constructions, our findings demonstrated that the most frequently used priming procedures might not always manipulate the self-construals expectedly (Levine et al., 2003).