Is the mechanism of the [2+2]cycloaddition of cyclopentyne to ethylene concerted or biradical? A completely renormalized coupled cluster study


Kinal A. , PİECUCH P.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, vol.110, no.2, pp.367-378, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 110 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/jp0513216
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A
  • Page Numbers: pp.367-378

Abstract

The mechanism of the [2+2] cycloaddition reaction of cyclopentyne to ethylene has been studied using the completely renormalized coupled cluster method with singles, doubles, and noniterative triples (CR-CCSD(T)). In agreement with the experimentally observed stereochemistry, the CR-CCSD(T) method favors the concerted pathway involving a [2+1] transition state, whereas the popular CCSD(T) method, which is often regarded as the "gold standard" of electronic structure theory, and low-order multireference methods support the less probable biradical mechanism. In addition, the CCSD(T) approach produces an erroneous description of some transition states and intermediates, particularly those which have a significant biradical character. The CR-CCSD(T) calculations indicate that the reaction is a highly exothermic (Delta G(r)(298) = -68 kcal/mol), predominantly concerted process with a relatively low activation barrier on the order of 13- 16 kcal/mol which permits its thermal occurrence.