A microbial biosensor based on Lactobacillus delbruecki sp bacterial cells for simultaneous determination of lactic and pyruvic acid


CANBAY E. , HABIP A., KARA G., EREN Z., AKYILMAZ E.

FOOD CHEMISTRY, vol.169, pp.197-202, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 169
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.140
  • Title of Journal : FOOD CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.197-202
  • Keywords: Microbial biosensor, Lactate, Pyruvate, Polypyrrole, Lactobacillus delbruecki sp., L-LACTATE, BODY-COMPOSITION, AMPEROMETRIC BIOSENSORS, MODIFIED ELECTRODES, YEAST-CELLS, OXIDASE, SUPPLEMENTATION, DEHYDROGENASE, FERMENTATION, TISSUE

Abstract

The aim of this study was mainly to develop a microbial biosensor for the simultaneous determination of lactic acid and pyruvic acid. In developing biosensor, lyophilised Lactobacillus delbruecki sp. bacterial cells were immobilised with polypyrrole on a platin electrode surface using electropolymerization method. Lactate concentration was determined based on the differences in amperometric responses at cathodic peak (+0.2 V) of potassium ferricyanide, whereas pyruvate concentration was determined using the differences at anodic peak (+0.1 V). The response of biosensor showed linearity between 0.1 and 1.0 mM for both of two substrates. Optimisation studies were carried out for amount of microorganism, pyrrole concentration, pH and temperature. In the characterisation studies, substrate specificity, interference effect of some substances on the biosensor response, and storage stability were established. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.