Annual and intradiurnal variation of dominant airborne pollen and the effects of meteorological factors in Cesme (Izmir, Turkey)


UĞUZ U. , GÜVENSEN A., Tort N.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, cilt.189, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 189 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10661-017-6238-2
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT

Özet

In this present study, airborne pollen in Cesme was investigated between February 17, 2012 and February 17, 2014 using the volumetric method. Cesme, one of Turkey's most important tourism centers, which attracts numerous local and foreign tourists each year, is a district of Izmir, a province in the western part of Turkey. During the 2-year study, 12,905 pollen grains belonging to 64 taxa (33 arboreal, 31 non-arboreal plants) were detected. However, the 2-year data results revealed that the taxa with the pollen concentration more than 4% in the atmosphere were Cupressaceae/Taxaceae (4268 pollen, 33.07%), Olea europaea (1614 pollen grains, 12.51%), Pinaceae (1085 pollen grains, 8.41%), Quercus spp. (1081 pollen grains, 8.38%), Pistacia spp. (743 pollen grains, 5.76%), and Poaceae (557 pollen grains, 4.32%), all of which comprised 72.44% of the total count. The relationship between the daily pollen counts belonging to these six taxa and the hourly average temperature (degrees C), daily precipitation (mm), relative humidity (%), and wind speed (km/h) was assessed using the Spearman correlation test, and significant results were determined. During the study, the intradiurnal distribution of the aforementioned pollen varied. The highest pollen concentration was detected between 11:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. (first year 30.3%; second year 30.1%).