Agriculture is a strategic sector to supply basic human requirements. Over the last centuries, its strategic importance has been escalated. Global trends such as increasing world population, climate change, and digital developments are shaping the sector. Agriculture is the largest user of the limited global sources like water and energy and conventional techniques deteriorate environment while being affected by environmental changes. It is a cycling process. World population is seeking more fibre and food; the sector is trying to survive in the unstable environment. The uncertainty could be managed through the effective use of digital technologies. This paper aims to develop a method for monitoring ICT penetration in agriculture and to project current state of digital change on Turkish agriculture by analysing data published by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK). Besides, the paper discusses latest developments and shift to Agriculture 4.0.