Background. The red bandfish, Cepola macrophthalma (Linnaeus, 1758), is a benthic fish usually not exceeding 450 cm in length. It occurs in the eastern Atlantic from the British Isles to the north of Senegal and is also common throughout the Mediterranean Sea. The red bandfish has no commercial value and is often represented in the discarded catch. The knowledge of the feeding ecology, of non-commercial as well as commercial species, is essential for implementing a multispecies approach to fishery management. Studies on red bandfish feeding biology have been rather scarce and the majority of them lacked taxonomical approach. The presently reported study constitutes the first report on the diet of Cepola macrophthalma from two bays on the Turkish coast.