Association mapping of days to flowering in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) revealed by DArT markers


Ateş D. , Asciogul T. , Nemli S. , Erdoğmuş S., Eşiyok D. , Tanyolaç M. B.

MOLECULAR BREEDING, vol.38, no.9, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11032-018-0868-0
  • Title of Journal : MOLECULAR BREEDING

Abstract

In the current study, 173 common bean genotypes from several geographic regions were studied. Days to flowering (DF) was evaluated in two experimental locations in Izmir, Turkey (Bornova and Menemen) in 2 years (2015 and 2016) and was found to range from 30 to 62.7 days with a mean value of 41.5 days. A total of 22,848 SNPs based on diversity array technology were developed, and after filtering, the remaining 20,766 SNP markers were used for calculating linkage disequilibrium. Chromosomes 1-11 contained 1846, 2342, 2184, 1153, 1351, 1520, 1953, 2080, 2065, 1199, and 1511 SNPs, respectively. A total of 1562 SNPs were identified as scaffold markers. The PIC value was 0.25, ranging from 0.005 to 0.500. Common bean accessions were divided into two main subpopulations, namely POP1 (Mesoamerican) and POP2 (Andean). Mixed linear model using the Q + K model showed that three SNPs had a significant association (p < 0.01) in Bornova in 2015 and seven SNPs had a significant association (p < 0.01) in the same location in 2016. Five significant associations (p < 0.01) were identified in 2015 while six (p < 0.01) were identified in Menemen in 2016. When the data from both locations and both years was combined, six SNPs were significant (p < 0.01). For DF, 11 putative candidate genes were predicted from the sequences representing homology to linked SNPs. We conclude that the markers, which were significantly associated with the DF of the common bean genotypes in the current study, can be used for marker-assisted selection in plant breeding program of common bean.