On the structure and evolution of planets and their host stars - effects of various heating mechanisms on the size of giant gas planets

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YILDIZ M. , Orhan Z. , KAYHAN C., Turkoglu G. E.

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, cilt.445, ss.4395-4405, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 445 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1093/mnras/stu2053
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.4395-4405


It is already stated in the previous studies that the radius of the giant planets is affected by stellar irradiation. The confirmed relation between radius and incident flux depends on planetary mass intervals. In this study, we show that there is a single relation between radius and irradiated energy per gram per second (l(-)), for all mass intervals. There is an extra increase in radius of planets if l(-) is higher than 1100 times energy received by the Earth (l(circle plus)). This is likely due to dissociation of molecules. The tidal interaction as a heating mechanism is also considered and found that its maximum effect on the inflation of planets is about 15 per cent. We also compute age and heavy element abundances from the properties of host stars, given in the TEPCat catalogue (Southworth 2011). The metallicity given in the literature is as [Fe/H]. However, the most abundant element is oxygen, and there is a reverse relation between the observed abundances [Fe/H] and [O/Fe]. Therefore, we first compute [O/H] from [Fe/H] by using observed abundances, and then find heavy element abundance from [O/H]. We also develop a new method for age determination. Using the ages we find, we analyse variation of both radius and mass of the planets with respect to time, and estimate the initial mass of the planets from the relation we derive for the first time. According to our results, the highly irradiated gas giants lose 5 per cent of their mass in every 1 Gyr.