Effect of concentrated growth factors on frequency of alveolar Osteitis following partially-erupted mandibular third molar surgery: a randomized controlled clinical study


Koyuncu B. O. , IŞIK G. , Yuce M. O. , GÜNBAY S. , GÜNBAY T.

BMC ORAL HEALTH, vol.20, no.1, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s12903-020-01210-7
  • Title of Journal : BMC ORAL HEALTH

Abstract

Background The aim of this prospective study was to assess the effectiveness of concentrated growth factors (CGF) in preventing the development of alveolar osteitis (AO) after the extraction of partially-erupted mandibular third molars. Methods Seventy patients (26 men and 44 women) 18 years or older (mean age 25.86; range 18-35) underwent 140 third molar extractions. All the patients presented with bilateral, partially-erupted mandibular third molars and underwent surgical extractions. In each case, one socket received CGF and the other served as a control. The predictor variable was the CGF application and the sides were categorized as 'CGF' and 'non-CGF'. The outcome variable was the development of AO during the first postoperative week. Other study variables included age and gender. Data were analyzed using Cochran's Q test with the significance level set at aPvalue less than 0.05. Results The overall frequency of AO was 11.4% for the control group. The frequency of AO in the CGF group was significantly lower than in the non-CGF group (p < 0.001). Conclusions Based on the results of this study, application of CGF fibrin gel may decrease the risk of AO development after mandibular third molar surgery.