A rare case of idiopathic root resorption affecting the entire dentition was described. Root resorptions of all of the maxillary and mandibular teeth were coincidentally diagnosed on patient's radiographic examination. The patient's medical and dental findings were non-contributory, other than the increased mobility of upper incisors. No significant familial findings could be identified. Detailed radiographic examination revealed resorption affecting the apical part of the roots, resulting in vertical shortening of the teeth. The character of the resorption was as if a tapering occurred throughout the lateral root surfaces. Involved teeth were endodontically treated and the patient was subsequently followed-up for 18 months. Following endodontic therapy, all periapical lesions demonstrated clinical and radiographic evidence of healing. Endodontic therapy resulted in a high degree of success to stop resorption process and maintain the dentition.