The computed tomographic evaluation of bony bridge of C1 as bleeding risk factor at the screw placement

Golpinar M., Komut E., Salim H., Govsa F.

SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00276-022-02919-6
  • Keywords: Atlas, Vertebral artery, Risk factor, Anatomic variation, Ponticulus, Posterior, Lateralis, 3D CT ANGIOGRAPHY, VERTEBRAL ARTERY, FORAMEN ARCUALE, PONTICULUS POSTICUS, PREVALENCE, METAANALYSIS, RADIOGRAPHS, ATLAS


Purpose To investigate the prevalence and morphological characteristics of ponticulus posticus (PP) and ponticulus lateralis (PL) using computed tomography (CT) images on a large study sample of the Anatolian population. The presence of the PP and PL bridges can limit gap available for placement procedure through the bony elements of C1. Routine screw techniques are contraindicated because of high risk of fatal bleeding of vertebral artery (VA). Methods The CT images of 1000 subjects (500 males, 500 females) were examined for the morphological characteristics and presence of PP and PL. The anteroposterior diameter, superoposterior (transverse) diameter, surface area, and central thickness of the bony bridge of the PP, PL, and transverse foramina (TF). Results The prevalence of PP was 14.8%, and bilateral complete PP was the most common PP type at 6.8%. The prevalence of PL was 4.1% and left-side complete PL was the most common PL type at 1.2%. The prevalence of both PP and PL was more common in males and bilateral complete PP were more predominant in males (p = 0.004, p = 0.038, and p = 0.010, respectively). The surface area of PP and PL were determined to be smaller than the surface area of the ipsilateral TF (p < 0.001 and p = 0.042, respectively). Conclusion PP is not an uncommon anatomic anomaly and PL is even less frequently encountered. The prevalence of PP and PL was more common in males and bilateral complete PP was more predominant in males. Detailed information about the prevalence and morphometry of the PP and PL obtained in the present study could guide the clinicians dealing with neurosurgery, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and radiology in their practice.