Objective: The aim of the present study was to report the psychiatric evaluation of children and adolescents living in a children's village and to present their psychiatric treatment process. Material and Methods: After allegations of abuse on January 2005, a multi disciplinary health team was established. The children and adolescents (n=78) were subjected to a series of assessments including group discussions, psychiatric interviews and administration of Child Depression Inventory or Beck Depression Inventory (depending on their age) and Achenbach's Youth Self Report. Healthy children who were consulted at the university hospital pediatric outpatient clinic with acute medical complaints, without any trauma history and without any psychiatric diagnosis were included in the study as the control group. Results: The results of the investigations carried on by a multi-disciplinary team revealed that 22% of children and adolescents required psychiatric treatment. Village adolescents reported considerably higher levels of both "internalizing" and "externalizing" problems than the controls. The comparison of pre- and post-treatment results revealed that the treatment process was successful in alleviating the symptoms of the adolescents. By the end of eight months the adolescents' psychiatric symptoms had disappeared. Conclusion: The children and adolescents living in the village were negatively affected by these processes after sexual abuse allegations. Studies after the crisis period can give more detailed information about the mental health of the village children and adolescents, and this study may be a preliminary study for future research on this area.