Anatolia has been one of the leader centers of textile and trading from three thousand years with its rich culture and has always been very convenient with its climate and earth for natural dyestuffs. French achieves indicate that the first samples of Turkish carpets could be seen in the beginning of XIVth century. In 1750's, Rubia tinctorum L. was famous in French as "Turkish Red". Its agriculture and usage in Anatolia was so high and was also imported to the other countries. Dyestuffs have been used by numerous civilizations from the ancient times. Natural dyestuffs were widely used esp. in Turkish carpets and kilims which took great place in our culture, until the development of synthetic dyestuffs at 1850's. The beginning of the usage of synthetic dyestuffs and increasing demands of Turkish carpets decreased the importance of natural dyestuffs. Nowadays by the development of new global ecological trends, the importance of natural dyestuffs increased. In Textile Engineering Department of Ege University, many researches were made about dyeing of textile fibers by natural dyestuffs. As the result of comprehensive studies, natural dyeing can be used in organic textile production. These results have great values for the cultural, environmental, economical aspects.