High-Pressure Effects on the Microstructure, Texture, and Color of White-Brined Cheese


KOCA N. , Balasubramaniam V. M. , Harper W. J.

JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE, cilt.76, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

White-brined cheeses were subjected to high-pressure processing (HPP) at 50, 100, 200, and 400 MPa at 22 degrees C for 5 and 15 min and ripened in brine for 60 d. The effects of pressure treatment on the chemical, textural, microstructural, and color were determined. HPP did not affect moisture, protein, and fat contents of cheeses. Similar microstructures were obtained for unpressurized cheese and pressurized cheeses at 50 and 100 MPa, whereas a denser and continuous structure was obtained for pressurized cheeses at 200 and 400 MPa. These microstructural changes exhibited a good correlation with textural changes. The 200 and 400 MPa treatments resulted in significantly softer, less springy, less gummy, and less chewy cheese. Finally, marked differences were obtained in a* and b* values at higher pressure levels for longer pressure-holding time and were also supported by delta E* values. The cheese became more greenish and yellowish with the increase in pressure level.