Residual control charts are frequently used for monitoring autocorrelated processes. In the design of a residual control chart, values of the true process parameters are often estimated from a reference sample of in-control observations by using least squares (LS) estimators. We propose a robust control chart for autocorrelated data by using Modified Maximum Likelihood (MML) estimators in constructing a residual control chart. Average run length (ARL) is simulated for the proposed chart when the underlying process is AR(1). The results show the superiority of the new chart under several situations. Moreover, the chart is robust to plausible deviations from assumed distribution of errors.