Effects of Creating Awareness Through Photographs and Posters on Skin Self-Examination in Nursing Students

Erkin O. , Ardahan M. , TEMEL A. B.

JOURNAL OF CANCER EDUCATION, vol.33, no.1, pp.52-58, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13187-016-1037-y
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-58


Nurses can have an influence on primary and secondary prevention of skin cancer. Therefore, it is important to help them acquire knowledge and skills necessary to modify behavior in relation to skin cancers. The aim of this study was to examine effects of creating awareness through photographs and posters on knowledge and skills of skin self-examination in nursing students. The study had a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and a posttest in a single group. The study population included 249 last-year nursing students in Turkey. Non-probability sampling was used to reach the population. The study sample was composed of 201 students volunteering to participate in the study, and the response rate was 81 %. Of the students, 85.1 % (n=171) were female and the mean age of the students was 22.18 +/- 0.78 years. Of the students, 94.5 % did not know the asymmetry, border, color, diameter, evolution (ABCDE) criteria on the pretest, but this rate decreased to 20.9 % on the posttest. The mean score for knowledge of symptoms of skin cancer was 10.95 +/- 1.37 on the pretest and 11.48 +/- 0.90 on the posttest. There was a significant linear increase in the scores for knowledge of the symptoms (F=7.874, p<0.001) after the intervention with photographs and posters. The students were observed to learn the ABCDE criteria and had increased knowledge of skin cancer symptoms after the intervention using photographs and posters. Photographs and posters are effective tools which can be used to increase awareness of skin self-examination.