Honey is one of the oldest known medicines used even today in folk medicine. It has been used in the treatment of wounds, burns, ulcers and also in the prevention of infection. The major antimicrobial factors determined in the honey are osmotic effect, acidity, hydrogen peroxide and plant-derived substances such as flavonoids. The total amount of pollen in the honey is one of the criteria for the selection of real honey, because the quality is correlated with the plants visited by bees. Turkey is exporting honey to many countries. Therefore this paper presents an overview of the pollen spectrum of honey samples in Turkey.