Compact spinning is a new version of ring spinning and the most distinct features of these yarns are their high strength and elongation values and low hairiness. In this study, we attempted to find the differences between compact and conventional ring knitted fabrics. One hundred % cotton yarns, produced from the same cotton blend, were spun according to compact and conventional ring spinning principles in two different yarns counts and twist multipliers. Three different knitting structures, interlock, rib and single jersey, were produced from these yarns. The physical properties of these fabrics were investigated and compared with each other before and after the printing processes. When the results were studied, it was seen that hairiness of compact yarns was less and their strength and elongation percentages were higher. They showed less tendency to pilling and had higher bursting strength. No statistical differences were observed with regard to weight, abrasion resistance, color efficiency and rubbing fastness.