Foresight analysis of wind power in Turkey


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Çeliktaş M. S. , Koçar G.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, cilt.36, ss.737-748, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 36
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/er.1829
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.737-748

Özet

The Turkish wind energy industry is one of the most competitive and fastest growing industries in the energy sector. Industrial energy demands, Kyoto agreement and carbon trade are shown as probable causes. Currently, Turkey has a total installed capacity of about 48.5 GW for electricity from all energy sources. High energy prices and unstable suppliers have stimulated Turkey's growing interest in wind business and wind power. This paper analyzes Turkey's wind energy future perspective and power generation strategy with a view to explaining Delphi approach to wind energy development. In this study, the two-round Delphi survey was conducted by experts to determine and measure the expectations of the sector representatives through online surveys where a total of 70 experts responded from 24 different locations. The majority of the Delphi survey respondents were from 23 different universities (60%), electricity generation industries (21%), two different governmental organizations (11%), nongovernmental organizations (6%) and other institutions (2%). The article discusses not only the expert sights on wind energy technology but also all bibliometrical approaches. The results showed that Turkey's wind power installed capacity is expected to exceed 40 GW by the end of the 2020?s and in the middle of the 2030?s, and Turkey would be the European leading country in the field of electricity generation from the wind. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.