Journal of Narrative and Language Studies, cilt.7, ss.91-97, 2019 (Hakemli Üniversite Dergisi)
Biographies are classified as diverse kinds of the genre that is combined with various elements. Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and Virginia Woolf’s Orlando Aphra Behn becomes the first professional woman writer, Mary Shelley is considered to be the foremother of science fiction and gothic genre, finally pioneer feminist writer Virginia Woolf created a fictional, gender-bending biography that paid tribute to the British literature. These three significant women writers have become pioneers throughout three centuries. This article reviews the autobiographical elements in Behn’s Oroonoko (1688), Shelley’s Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) and Woolf’s Orlando (1928) considering the sociocultural backgrounds of each period in Britain as well as regarding the authors’ contributions to the British literary canon.
Keywords: Aphra Behn, Mary Shelley, Virginia Woolf, women writers, autobiography