Assessment of the relationship between food addiction and nutritional status in schizophrenic patients

Küçükerdönmez Ö. , Urhan M. , Altm M., Hacıraifoğlu O., Yıldız B.

NUTRITIONAL NEUROSCIENCE, cilt.22, ss.392-400, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/1028415x.2017.1392429
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.392-400


Objective: Obesity is one of today's most important public health problems. It is suggested that overeating and substance addiction show similarities, and addiction to food may be an important factor in the obesity epidemic. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of food addiction among schizophrenic patients and to examine the relationship between food addiction and anthropometric measurements and dietary nutrient intake.Methods: Study participants included a total of 104 schizophrenic outpatients, 62 females and 42 males. Food addiction was assessed by using the Yale Food Addiction Scale, and the anthropometric measurements of participants and their three-day food consumption were recorded.Results: This study found that more than half of the schizophrenic patients (60.6%) had food addiction, and that female schizophrenic patients had a higher prevalence (62.9%) of food addiction than male patients (57.1%). More than one-third of the schizophrenic patients with food addiction (41.3%) were found to be obese and their BMI, body weight, waist circumference, and body-fat ratio were higher than those of schizophrenic patients who did not have food addiction (P>0.05). Moreover, the schizophrenic patients with food addiction were found to take significantly more energy, carbohydrate, and fat in their diet (P<0.05).Conclusion: It was observed that the development of food addiction in schizophrenic patients increased the risk of obesity and cardiovascular diseases, which were found to be at higher levels in these patients. Educational programs should be planned for these patients to acquire health dietary habits and to increase their physical activity levels, and an additional psychosocial support should be provided for patients with food addiction.