Effect of a Hydration Management Program on Older Adults' Fluid Consumption and Dehydration Parameters: A Quasi-Experimental Study


Uyanik G., DAĞHAN Ş.

JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGICAL NURSING, vol.47, no.9, pp.40-50, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3928/00989134-20210803-04
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGICAL NURSING
  • Page Numbers: pp.40-50

Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to assess effects of a hydration management program on the fluid consumption and dehydration parameters (i.e., dehydration risk scores, urine specific gravity, and urine color) of older adults. The study was conducted as a pre-/post-test quasi-experimental study with a control group (intervention group: n = 42, control group: n = 37). The hydration management program applied to the intervention group was completed in 1 week. After the intervention, the knowledge and awareness of the intervention group regarding fluid consumption increased (p = 0.001). The dehydration risk score of the intervention group was significantly lower than that of the control group (p = 0.0001). There was a significant change in average 3-day water intake (p = 0.0001), urine specific gravity value (p = 0.01), and urine color scale score (p = 0.0001) in the intervention group between pre- and post-test. The hydration management program provided a significant improvement in daily water intake and dehydration risk score and increased knowledge and awareness among older adults concerning the importance of fluid intake.