Microbiological and biochemical findings in relation to clinical periodontal status in active smokers, non-smokers and passive smokers


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Kanmaz B., Lamont G., Danaci G., Gogeneni H., Buduneli N. G. , Scott D. A.

TOBACCO INDUCED DISEASES, vol.17, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.18332/tid/104492
  • Title of Journal : TOBACCO INDUCED DISEASES

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Cigarette users are more susceptible than non-smokers to periodontitis, a bacterial-induced, inflammation-driven, destructive disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth. We hypothesized that clinical periodontal findings and microbiological and/or inflammatory marker levels would be intermediate in those exposed to environmental tobacco smoke compared to active smokers and non-smokers.