The effects of music therapy applied to pregnant women on maternal, fetal, and neonatal results: A randomized controlled study


Çatalgöl Ş., Çeber Turfan E.

Health Care For Women International, vol.2021, no.8, pp.1-17, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SSCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2021 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/07399332.2021.1944150
  • Title of Journal : Health Care For Women International
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-17

Abstract

The researchers’ aims were to investigate the effects of music therapy applied to pregnant women on maternal, fetal, and neonatal results. Sample of the randomized controlled trial consisted of 100 (50 intervention, 50 control) primipara women. Nonstress Test was applied to women in 36th, 37th, and 38th gestational weeks. During the test, we played music to the intervention group and gave routine care to the control group. We determined that the mean scores of State Anxiety Inventory, evaluated during the Nonstress Test applications, decreased significantly after the application. Acceleration, mean number of fetal movements and reactivity findings were significantly higher in the intervention group. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of the State Anxiety Inventory means after childbirth and neonatal findings. According to the results, we determined that the music therapy applied to pregnant women decreased maternal anxiety and had positive effects on Nonstress Test findings.