The buccal fat pad flap for the reconstruction of intraoral buccal defects following buccal cancer surgery


Öztürk K. , Turhal G. , Şahin F. F.

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology, pp.1-4, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ajoms.2021.05.005
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-4

Abstract

Objective

There are many reconstruction techniques for the repair of the intraoral buccal defects following oncological resections. The pedicled buccal fat pad (BFP) flap can be used for reconstruction of medium-sized buccal defects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of the reconstruction with BFP flap following the resection of buccal tumors and risk factors on BFP flap success.

Methods

This study was designed as a retrospective case series research. Ten patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the buccal mucosa underwent BFP flap reconstruction following tumor resection. The dimensions of the primary tumor and post-resection defect were calculated. The intraoral operation field was evaluated on the postoperative 7th day and in the postoperative 1 st and 6th months. Postoperative flap status, disease recurrence, risk factors for flap success were assessed.

Results

The mean greatest dimension of the post-resection buccal defect was 41.9 ± 10.3 mm. A partial dehiscence was observed in three patients in the postoperative 7th day. The 6th month-examination revealed no flap complications. The mean greatest dimension of post-resection buccal defect in uncomplicated patients was 42.7 ± 11.4 mm and in patients with partial dehiscence was 40 ± 8.6 mm (p = 0.727). There was no significant difference between uncomplicated patients and patients with partial dehiscence according to body mass index (normal vs overweight, p = 0.667).

Conclusion

The BFP flap is a reliable reconstruction method in medium sized buccal defects following oncological resection. It has low complication and donor site morbidity rates and also good anatomical and oncological outcomes.

Keywords

Buccal fat pad
Buccal fat pad flap
Buccal carcinoma
Oral defect reconstruction