The lyophilized biomass of White rot fungi (Phanerochaete chrysosporium ME446) was immobilized in gelatine using glutaraldehyde crosslinking agent on a Pt working electrode. The fungal cells retained their laccase activity under entrapped state. The immobilized cells were used as a source of laccase to develop amperometric epinephrine biosensor. The catalytic action of the laccase in the biosensor released an epinephrinequinone as a result of redox activity, thereby causing an increase in the current. The optimal working conditions of the biosensor were carried out at pH 4.5 (50 mM acetate buffer containing 100 mM K(3)Fe(CN)(6)), and 20 degrees C. The sensor response was linear over a range of 5-100 mu M epinephrine. The detection limit of the biosensor was found to be 1.04 mu M. In the optimization and characterization studies of the microbial biosensor some parameters such as effect of fungi and gelatine amount, percentage of glutaraldehyde on the biosensor response and substrate specificity were carried out. In the application studies of the biosensor, sensitive determination of epinephrine in pharmaceutical ampules was investigated. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.