Neuropsychologic sequelae in the long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia


Cetıngul N. , Aydınok Y., Kantar M. , Onız H., Kavaklı K. , Yalman O., ...Daha Fazla

PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY, cilt.16, ss.213-220, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 16
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/088800199277263
  • Dergi Adı: PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.213-220

Özet

The neurotoxicity of either systemic chemotherapy or central nervous system prophylaxis was studied in 19 children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). They had completed ALL therapy at least a year before and survived more than 5 pears after diagnosis. The duration between age at diagnosis and age at investigation was 8.6 +/- 2.7 years (5-15 years). Neuropsychologic tests, cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and evoked potentials (EP) were studied. Seventeen healthy siblings were taken as a control group. Emotional evaluation was done using the childhood depression inventory and Beck depression inventory. Cognitive functions were evaluated using Wechsler's Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) or the Wechsler's Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) tests, which were adapted to Turkish children. Performance and total IQ scores (94.0 +/- 16.8 and 92.2 +/- 16.5) were significantly low as compared to the control group (112.1 +/- 18.9 and 105.4 +/- 14.2) (p = .007 and p = .02). Abnormal MRI findings were found in 33.3 % (6/18). Three out of 18 patients (16.6%) had abnormal auditory while 5 out of 17 Patients (29.5%) displayed abnormal visual EPs. Abnormal findings in MRI, cognitive examination, and electrophysiologic testing were not associated with age at diagnosis, radiotherapy doses, intermediate/high-dose systemic methotrexate administration or central nervous system involvement. But more patients must be studied to demonstrate discrete outcomes of neurotoxicity In long-term survivors of childhood le leukemia.