The bronze shields found at the Ayanis fortress (Van region, Turkey): manufacturing techniques and corrosion phenomena


INGO G. M. , CILINGIROGLU A., FARALDI F., RICCUCCI C., CASALETTO M. P. , ERDEM A. , ...More

APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING, vol.100, no.3, pp.793-800, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00339-010-5656-6
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING
  • Page Numbers: pp.793-800

Abstract

The manufacturing techniques, chemical composition and corrosion products grown on archaeological bronze shields found during the excavation of the Ayanis fortress (Lake Van region, Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) were studied by means of the combined use of scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive spectrometry (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and optical microscopy (OM) techniques. The shields are dated back to 673-645 BC and in some cases are decorated with cuneiform inscriptions and ornaments representing various animals, such as lions and bulls.