Observations, light curves analysis and pulsation behavior of the Algol-type eclipsing binary system XX Cep


NEW ASTRONOMY, vol.27, pp.95-101, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.newast.2013.08.005
  • Title of Journal : NEW ASTRONOMY
  • Page Numbers: pp.95-101
  • Keywords: Eclipsing binaries, Oscillations, Delta Scuti variable, XX Cephei, COMPONENTS, PERIOD, ELEMENTS


We present the long term photometric variations of the classical Algol type binary XX Cep with a delta Scuti type pulsating component. Modeling of the system shows that the secondary component fills its Roche lobe. The derived physical and geometrical parameters of the system are M-1 = 1.92M(circle dot), M-2 = 0.36M(circle dot), R-1 = 2.08R(circle dot), R-2 = 2.39R(circle dot), L-1 = 19.8L(circle dot), L-2 = 2.1L(circle dot), a = 9.8R(circle dot), and the distance of the system as 312(18) pc. We obtained five new times of minima. Analysis of the mid-eclipse times indicate a period decrease of dP/dt = -1.9(2) x 10(-8) days/yr that can be interpreted in terms of a mass transfer rate (dM/dt = -1.2(3) x 10(-9)M(circle dot)/yr) from the secondary to primary component. The O-C diagram formed from all available timings, and thus the orbital period of the system, can be partly represented as a beat effect between two cyclical variations with different periods (P-1 = 48(1) yr. P-2 = 81(4) yr). We used PHOEBE program for light curves analysis and after modeling, the eclipse and proximity effects were removed from the light curves to analyze intrinsic variations caused by components of the system. Frequency analysis was done by Period04 and the residuals represent the pulsation of a more massive component of the system XX Cep with a period of 0.031 days, confirming the results of Lee et al. (2007). (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.