Unilateral lid retraction with contralateral oculomotor paresis

Celebisoy N. , SECIL Y., YUCEYAR N. , ERTEKIN C.

NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY, vol.21, no.3, pp.165-170, 1999 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1076/noph.
  • Title of Journal : NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.165-170


A patient is presented with acute onset of partial oculomotor paresis on one side and upper eyelid retraction on the other due to a vascular insult. An electromyographic study revealed frontalis muscle overactivity on the side of lid retraction which has never been documented before, indicating that not only was the supramotor control over the central caudal nucleus affected as previously proposed, but the inhibition of the frontalis muscle motoneurons was also disrupted. Based on these data, a premotoneuronal system is proposed that controls upper eyelid movements by affecting the frontalis muscle and orbicularis oculi muscle motoneurons in addition to the central caudal nucleus.