Middle latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEPs) were studied in 30 definite multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in addition to brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs). BAEP abnormalities were detected in 18 (60%) patients. MLAEPs were abnormal in 22 (73%) of them. In 15 patients BAEPs and MLAEPs were both abnormal. MLAEPs were found abnormal in 7 of the 12 patients with normal BAEPs. In 18 patients with abnormal BAEPs only 3 had normal MLAEPs. MLAEPs abnormalities are consistent with a rostral auditory pathway involvement. Therefore, they can be used in combination with BAEPs to examine the whole auditory system to improve the sensitivity.