Identifying wheezing phenotypes in a pediatric Turkish cohort


Severcan E. U. , BAL C. M. , GÜLEN F. , TANAÇ R. , DEMİR E.

JOURNAL OF ASTHMA, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02770903.2021.1922916
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ASTHMA

Abstract

Objective Characterization of wheezing phenotypes in children might help to identify the underlying mechanisms through which asthma occurs. In our study, we aimed to describe wheezing phenotypes in Turkish children and to identify risk factors according to phenotypes. Methods 651 wheezy children were evaluated and 5 wheezing phenotypes were described according to age of onset, atopy and persistence at 6 years of age and risk factors were identified. Results Distribution of wheezing phenotypes was transient early wheeze (TEW)(34.9%) non-atopic wheeze (NAW) (18%), atopic wheeze (AW) (22.3%), intermediate onset wheeze (IOW) (11.1%), late onset wheeze (LOW) (11.7%). LOW, AW, and IOW were associated with, father's, sibling's and family's atopy (p:0.001) whereas LOW and AW were associated with mother's asthma and atopy as well as family's asthma (p < 0.05). Atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis were common of patients with LOW, AW, and IOW (p < 0.05). Infection was the major trigger for TEW and NAW whereas multiple triggers were common of AW, LOW, and IOW. Allergens were mostly associated with AW, IOW and LOW. Aeroallergen-specific IgE positivity was mostly with AW, IOW, and LOW phenotype. Skin prick tests showed multiple allergen sensitivity in IOW, LOW groups and mostly single allergen in AW phenotype. Modified asthma predictive index (mAPI) positivity was high in all groups except TEW and NAW. Conclusions With this study we classified five wheeze phenotypes and found that atopy and family's atopy history, maternal asthma were strongly associated with AW, LOW, and IOW phenotypes which were usually effected by allergens or multiple triggers.