Performance Evaluation of Beekeeping Farms: A Case Study from Gumushane, Turkey


PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, vol.53, no.5, pp.1837-1846, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.17582/journal.pjz/20201217151232
  • Page Numbers: pp.1837-1846
  • Keywords: Beekeeping, Performance of beekeeping farms, Economic performance, Efficiency of beekeeping farms, Efficiency analysis, Constant return-to-scale, Variable return-to-scale, Costs analysis, Gross margin, TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY, HONEY PRODUCTION, ORGANIC HONEY, ENTERPRISES, POLICY, COSTS


The main purpose of this study is to determine the economic performance of the beekeeping farms. For this purpose, a survey was done in Kelkit County, in northeastern Turkey. The performances of the beekeeping farms were evaluated by cost, profitability and efficiency analysis. The cost of a unit of honey was US$3.16 and the average price paid to the beekeepers was US$6.78. The absolute and relative profits were calculated as US$3.62 and US$2.14, respectively. The efficiency of the beekeeping farms was measured using Data Envelopment Analysis. The results of output- and input-oriented constant returnto-scale (CRS) analysis indicated an average efficiency value of 59.34%. The output- and input-oriented variable return-to-scale (VRS) analysis showed average efficiencies of 75.42% and 78.95%, respectively. The efficiency of the beekeeping farms and the beekeeping experience were positively correlated. Both the output- and input-oriented VRS analysis showed that a significant part of the beekeeping farms would approach full effectiveness with a potential improvement of at least 10% both in gross production value, number of hives and variable costs. Improvement suggestions for outputs and inputs are directed towards reduction of all variables except gross production value.