Diet composition of Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) (Pisces: Belonidae) in the Aegean Sea


SEVER T. M. , BAYHAN B. , Bilge G., TAŞKAVAK E.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY, cilt.25, ss.702-706, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01368.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.702-706

Özet

P>The objective of this study was to determine the monthly dietary pattern in migratory garfish and to improve our understanding in the seasonality of prey choice. Gut contents of 597 Belone belone specimens collected from the eastern Aegean Sea (Turkey) were analyzed: 79.2% contained food in their guts and 20.8% had empty guts. Crustaceans (36.7%) were the most important prey with a 36.7 index of relative importance (%IRI). Especially brachyurans (13.0%) and copepods played a major role (10.1%), followed by teleosts (26.1%) and other food categories (23.3%) (much of which was of terrestrial origin, including insects). Nannocalanus minor, Clausocalanus arcuicornis, Temora stylifera, Labidocera wollastoni and Oncea media were important copepods found in the guts of B. belone specimens. Analysis of variance of the monthly weight data indicated no significant seasonal differences, except for January and February.