Reproductive properties of Eledone moschata from the north-eastern Aegean Sea are reported for the First time. A total of 471 specimens was collected during monthly samplings from December 2004 to November 2005. The mantle lengths of the species were between 4.5 and 15.0 cm with an average of 8.1 cm +/- 0.15 for 204 males, and between 2.7 and 14.0 cm with an average of 7.8 cm +/- 0.12 for 267 females. The annual sex ratio (males: females) of the sampled specimens was 1:1.31. Maturity stages were recorded on a monthly basis in both sexes. The highest monthly percentage of mature females (21%) and males (46%) was recorded in January 2005 and June 2005 respectively. The monthly and seasonal gonadosomatic index (GSI) results indicated that E. moschata shows two annual reproduction peaks for each sex. For males, the first spring peak occurs in March-June and the second, autumn peak is in November. For females, the first summer peak occurs in June and the second, winter peak's in January, respectively. On the other hand, the reproductive season extends from November to July With two peaks in the Aegean Sea. Total come stock varied from 273 to 2896 with a mean of 836 193 oocytes. The mean size of the oocytes was 6.26 +/- 0.10 mm. The maximum oocyte size found was 10.7 mm. The mean length of spermatophores was of 13.66 +/- 0.08 mm (range: 7.3-18.3) and their average number was 52 6 (range: 6-172).