Molecular structure and properties of 2-fluoro-4-bromobenzaldehyde (FBB, C7H4BrFO) was experimentally investigated by X-ray diffraction technique and vibrational spectroscopy. Experimental results on the molecular structure of FBB were supported with computational studies using the density functional theory, with the Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr functional and the 6-311+G(3df,p) basis set. Molecular dimer formed by the intermolecular hydrogen bonding was investigated. Potential energy distribution analysis of normal modes was performed to identify characteristic frequencies. FBB crystallizes in orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with the O-trans conformation. In order to investigate halogen effect, the chloro- (CBB) and bromo- (BBB) analogs of FBB have also been studied theoretically. It is observed that all compounds prefer the stable O-trans conformation. Although the free energy difference between the O-cis and O-trans conformers is less than 2.5 kcal/mol, the free energy rotational barrier is at least 7.4 kcal/mol. There is a good agreement between the experimentally determined structural parameters, and vibrational frequencies of FBB and those predicted theoretically. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.