Parameters affecting retentive force of conus crowns

Gungor M., Artunc C., Sonugelen M.

JOURNAL OF ORAL REHABILITATION, vol.31, no.3, pp.271-277, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2004.01036.x
  • Page Numbers: pp.271-277


The aim of this study was to determine the values of the retentive forces of the telescopic crowns. At the first step of the study, the samples having different heights and angles were compared in relation to retentive force. At the second step, the samples were subjected to removal procedures having a pre-determined speed, force and number. The obtained retention values were compared. Ninety dies were prepared in order to measure the retention of the conus crowns. The removal tests were performed with the insertion/separation device. The speed of the test device was 100 cm min(-1) providing the placement of the pieces with 5 kgf in 100, 200, 300, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10 000 cycles. The mean of the retention values of the changes of the angles were found to be statistically different (P < 0.01). According to the results of the variant analysis, the differences in the changes of the height were statistically significant (P < 0.01). The differences between the changes of the number of procedures of all groups were statistically significant (P < 0.01). The number of procedures, height and angle interactions were statistically insignificant (P = 0.758). According to the results of this study, the effect of the angle and height factors in terms of retention among the groups were not independent of each other. in equal angles, as the height increased, increased retention measurements were obtained. in more acute angles, the increase in retention was more obvious. it was also found that an accessory device was necessary to maintain retention capabilities after a long-term use.