Background: Turkey is an endemic area for thyroid diseases. The Aegean region is well documented for increased prevalence of thyroid disorders. In this study we investigated the demographic and clinical features of subacute thyroiditis (SAT) patients who had been diagnosed and treated in Ege University. Methods: The hospital files of patients admitted to the endocrinology clinic of Ege University between January 1987 and December 2001 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients who had been diagnosed as having any thyroid disorder were determined. Results: 176 fulfilled diagnostic criteria for SAT. The majority of patients with SAT were diagnosed as having subacute granulomatous thyroiditis (169/176) (134 females, 35 males, mean age 34.0 +/- 17.8 yr); 69% of the patients were between 30-50 yr of age. Thyroid pain was present in 97.1% of female patients, and in 100% of male patients. High fever was evident in 78 patients (46.2%). Mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 43-42 +/- 39.68 mm/h. Anti-thyroglobulin antibody was positive in 20%, and anti-thyroid per-oxydase antibody was positive in 4% of patients. Among patients who were treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAD) 10 female patients (10.6%), and 3 male patients (12%) developed recurrence of the disease. Among patients who were treated with prednisolone 7 female patients (17.5%), and one male patient (10%) developed recurrence. There was no significant difference regarding the recurrence rates between patients who were treated with NSAD and patients who were treated with prednisolone. Conclusion: With the exception of ESR, demographic, clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings and prognoses of our patients were comparable to the previous reports.