Hepatitis C vir-us (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis is known to be a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, these viruses have been reported to have an etiologic role in the development of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Herein we have reported two cases of HCV- and HBV-related cirrhosis with ICC in whom the pretransplant diagnosis was HCC. The patient with HCV cirrhosis, was a 47-year-old woman with a large nodule in the right lobe. The patient with HBV cirrhosis was a 45-year-old man with two nodules. Serum tumor marker levels, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alphafetoprotein (AFP), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) were determined before live donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The patient with HCV cirrhosis showed mildly elevated serum levels of AFP. The patient with HBV cirrhosis showed an elevated CA 19-9 level. On microscopic examination, all nodules exhibited typical morphological findings of adenocarcinoma. The patient with HCV cirrhosis developed brain metastases 4 years after LDLT. The patient with HBV cirrhosis is disease-free at 18 months after transplantation. In cirrhotic patients with active malignancy who are candidates for LDLT, ICC should be considered in the differential diagnosis. Although the literature is limited, selected patients with ICC may benefit from LDLT.