Cirratulus dollfusi Fauvel, 1928 is re-described from the material from the Sea of Marmara. The specimens collected from the Sea of Marmara were compared to the holotype of the species. The species is a multitentaculate and multibranchiate cirratulid; it differs from all other known cirratulid genera in its type of chaetae and the way the multiple branchial filaments arise from the notopodia. Chaetae are of two types: numerous long, fine capillaries in both rami throughout, also 2-4 shorter, wider, finely tapering spines in noto- and neuropodia. There are no slightly flattened sigmoid spines, typical of most Cirratulus species. Very short, slender grooved tentacles arise in a small circular group on either side of chaetiger 1. Branchial filaments are multiple; they arise as 1-2 filaments from each of 4-8 raised notopodial lobes on parapodia of anterior and middle segments, with lobes fading out and fewer (holotype) or no branchiae posteriorly (our material). No other cirratulid genera appear to have straight, tapering spines plus so many fine capillaries. We propose Fauvelicirratulus gen. nov. for this species. The species seems most closely related to Cirratulus hedgpethi Hartman, 1951, from the northern Gulf of Mexico, still only known from the incomplete original description. Features of some cirratulid genera are compared and the use of multiple branchiae as a generic character is discussed.