Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution


Creative Commons License

ZENETOS A., Gofas S., VERLAQUE M., ÇINAR M. E. , GARCIA RASO J., BIANCHI C. N. , ...More

MEDITERRANEAN MARINE SCIENCE, vol.11, no.2, pp.381-493, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.12681/mms.87
  • Title of Journal : MEDITERRANEAN MARINE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-493

Abstract

The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area.