Evaluation of parental attitudes in a clinical sample of adolescents with major depressive disorder


Ozbaran B. , TAMAR M., YÜNCÜ Z. , BİLDİK T. , DEMIRAL N. , ERERMIS S.

ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, cilt.10, ss.109-115, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 10 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Dergi Adı: ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.109-115

Özet

Objective: Depression in adolescence is associated with a number of ethological factors such as genetic, biologic, environmental, and psychological. Recently, parent-child interaction models are considered as important contributors to depression in adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of parental attitudes in depressed adolescents compared to healthy controls. Methods: One hundred and twenty adolescents participated: 60 major depression participants, and 60 healthy control participants without a history of any psychiatric disorder. Sixty adolescent outpatients (30 females, 30 males; mean age: 16.52 +/- 1.13 years; range: 1418 years) fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for MDD and 60 matched psychiatrically healthy adolescents (30 females, 30 males; mean age: 16.50 +/- 1.13 years; range: 14-18 years) were included in the study. Evaluations of adolescents were made using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for Kiddie and Young Adult, Beck Depression Inventory, and the parents have filled the Parental Attitude Research Instrument. Results: Our findings revealed that over parenting, marital discordancy and authoritarian attitudes scores were higher in depressed adolescents' parents than the control group. As another important result of this study, hostile, rejecting, and authoritarian attitudes were found to be related with suicidal behavior of depressed adolescents. Conclusion: These results suggest that certain aspects of parenting such as over parenting, marital discordancy and authoritarian attitudes contribute to the pathogenesis of major depression in Turkish adolescents. High levels of marital discordancy, over-parenting, and authoritarian attitudes in the study group may be associated with conflicts in family relations. (Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2009; 10: 109-115)