Reduced Activity of von Willebrand Factor after Flow-Diverting Stent Implantation for Intracranial Aneurysms: A Link to Acquired von Willebrand Disease?

ORAN İ. , ÇİNAR C. , Bozkaya H. , PARILDAR M. , DUMAN S.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, vol.41, no.1, pp.140-146, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3174/ajnr.a6343
  • Page Numbers: pp.140-146


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vascular devices generating high shear stress can cause type 2A acquired von Willebrand disease, which is characterized by low von Willebrand factor activity accompanied by hemorrhagic complications. The braided mesh structure of flow-diverting stents with a relatively small strut size can create abnormally high shear stress while arterial blood flows through the stent struts into the aneurysm, and flow-diverting stent may be associated with reduced von Willebrand factor activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aneurysmal morphologic parameters and patient data were examined retrospectively among patients who had an unruptured intracranial aneurysm treated with a flow-diverting stent. The RISTOtest (test for whole blood ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation) for von Willebrand factor activity, as well as tests for aspirin and clopidogrel/prasugrel effectiveness, were performed immediately before the endovascular procedure and 24?hours later by multiple electrode aggregometry. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients with 56 aneurysms were recruited, and statistical analyses were performed in 32 patents with 49 aneurysms. Compared with the baseline values, von Willebrand factor activity was reduced in 16 patients but increased in 23 patients. Aneurysmal variables (eg, neck area, volume, volume-to-neck area ratio, size ratio, and morphologic index) clearly distinguished patients with reduced von Willebrand factor activity from those with nonreduced von Willebrand factor activity. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the morphologic index and volume had the highest discriminative power, with an area under the curve of 0.99. CONCLUSIONS: In high-volume/large-neck aneurysms, flow-diverting stent implantation can cause reduced von Willebrand factor activity, which may be linked causally to acquired von Willebrand disease.