Pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms and risk factors at the first year of postpartum women: a cross-sectional study


DAŞIKAN Z. , ÖZTÜRK R. , Ozturk A.

CONTEMPORARY NURSE, vol.56, no.2, pp.132-145, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10376178.2020.1749099
  • Title of Journal : CONTEMPORARY NURSE
  • Page Numbers: pp.132-145

Abstract

Objective:The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) symptoms experienced the first year of postpartum and obstetric risk factors. Methods:This research was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study was conducted with 408 women between 3 and 12 months postpartum, in Izmir. Results:It was found that urinary incontinence had been experienced by 33.3% of the women during pregnancy and 25.2% postpartum and 2.9% had experienced fecal incontinence. Other frequently experienced symptoms of PFD were in the order of frequency, perineal pain (53.4%), constipation (40.7%), flatulence (34.1%), dyspareunia (27.7%) and fecal incontinence (2.9%). Conclusion:PFD symptoms are common in postpartum women. Early diagnosis, treatment and preventive approaches should be made by healthcare professionals for perinatal pelvic floor health. Impact statement:Healthcare professionals should acknowledge the importance of PFD after birth and identify the problems early period. Our study emphasizes the size of the problem and improvement for PFD.