Foreign Trade of Essential Oils in World and Turkey

Boztaş G., Bayram E.

Turkey 13. National 1. International Field Crops Conference, İzmir, Türkiye, 1 - 04 Aralık 2019, ss.8-9

  • Basıldığı Şehir: İzmir
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.8-9


Essential oils; they are volatile, strongly odorous, water-vaporous, oily mixtures which are obtained from plants or plant drugs by liquid methods at room temperature. Essential oils are used by the fragrance and taste industries in the preparation of perfume, food additives, aroma therapy, cleaning products, cosmetics and medicines, as a source of aroma chemicals, or as the starting material for synthesis of natural and semi-synthetic useful aroma chemicals. IN Turkey which has a rich variety of medicinal plant species and ecologically suitable for the agriculture of these plants, will have an important market potential in the world in terms of production and trade of essential oils by increasing production possibilities. World essential oil imports reached 5.531 billion USD in 2018, and USA, France, India, Germany and the UK having the largest market share in exports. While the world's essential oil exports were 4.884 billion USD, while India, USA and France ranked first in exports. Turkey's essential oil imports increased from 176% to 12.155 thousand USD has increased to 33.546 thousand USD in the last decade (2010-2018). Exports of essential oil increased by 172% from 17.492 thousand USD to 47.481 thousand USD. The main countries exporting essential oil are India, USA and France. Rose oil in export of essential oils is in the first place. The rose oil obtained from species of Rosa damascena Mill. is known as "Turkish rose oil" in the world market. In 2018, rose oil exports amounted to 14.6 million USD. Approximately 60% of essential oil of rose was exported to France. The main export countries are France, England and USA.