Landscape Archaeology Conference, Newcastle, United Kingdom, 17 September 2018, pp.201
Incorporating historic data into historic landscape studies: A Case Study on Kazdağı National Park, Turkey
Landscapes, whose characters are the results of the actions and interactions of natural and/or human factors, are dynamic. From several aspects through different disciplines, our common concerns with the shaping of landscapes at various scales have been to create, enhance, maintain and protect places so as to be functional, aesthetically pleasing, meaningful, sustainable and appropriate to diverse human needs and goals. Proper understanding of today’s landscapes is possible through the definition of current landscape characters and also their historical dimensions. For understanding and management of the landscape, it is necessary to provide comprehensive and systematic collection of historic landscape characters. Historic maps, ancient travellers’ and geographers’ diaries, aerial photographs and images, field survey notes and photos taken from the study area have been used as main data sources to understand the historic dimension of the present landscape for the landscape architects. This paper briefly shows the use of an incorporation of historical data into historic landscape studies within the landscape of the Kazdağı National Park from 1890’s to today, including the valleys with their rich variety of flora and fauna. It is covered almost entirely with ancient natural woodlands, including Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani, which is a narrow endemic that naturally grows in Kazdagı Mountain, giving a very strong and impressive sensation of biological diversity.
This study was supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK-No.106O694).