The aim was to analyze the effects of two different assessment methods on the learning process in CPR training. This quasi-experimental study design included two groups consisting of 152 third-year students. Group I students evaluated themselves by watching the videotapes and performing the CPR practice once again, while Group II students were evaluated by their trainers and asked to perform this skill again after receiving feedback. It was found that there was no significant difference between the self-assessment method and the feedback provided by their trainers (F=1.8362, p=.245, p>0.05). It was determined that with the videotapes used by Group I students, insufficient/incorrect practices were easier to spot during the self-assessment process.